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Gentoo


Gentoo is a sources-based GNU/Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system (a BSD's ports-like system). Gentoo package management (Portage) is designed to be modular, portable, easy to maintain, and flexible.

  • Unlike a binary software distribution, the source code is compiled locally according to the user's preferences and is often optimized for the specific type of computer.
  • Precompiled binaries are available for some packages.

Gentoo describes itself as a meta-distribution because of its adaptability, in that the majority of users have configurations and sets of installed programs which are unique to the system and the applications they use.

Gentoo runs on a wide variety of processors, including x86, PowerPC, SPARC, DEC Alpha, ARM, MIPS and PA-RISC.


Name

The Gentoo Linux distribution takes it's name from the gentoo penguin, who's scientific name is Pygoscelis papua. The name gentoo was given to the penguin by the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands, to the fastest swimming species of penguin.

  • The name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, which is a major feature of Gentoo.

Logo

The Gentoo Foundation, Inc., as the owner of registered and common law trademarks of the Gentoo name and logo (in the United States of America and other regions recognizing its registrations).

History

Gentoo Linux was initially created by Daniel Robbins as the Enoch Linux distribution.

  • The goal was to create a distribution without precompiled binaries that was tuned to the hardware and only included required programs. At least one version of Enoch was distributed: version 0.75, in December 1999.

Daniel Robbins and the other contributors experimented with a fork of GCC known as EGCS, developed by Cygnus Solutions. At this point, "Enoch" was renamed "Gentoo" Linux. The modifications to EGCS eventually became part of the official GCC (version 2.95), and other Linux distributions experienced similar speed increases.

After problems with a bug on his own system, Robbins halted Gentoo development and switched to FreeBSD for several months, later saying, "I decided to add several FreeBSD features to make our autobuild system (now called Portage) a true next-generation ports system."

In 2004, Robbins set up the non-profit Gentoo Foundation, transferred all copyrights and trademarks to it, and stepped down as chief architect of the project.

The current board of trustees is composed of five members who were announced (following an election) on March 2, 2008. There is also a seven-member Gentoo Council that oversees the technical issues and policies of Gentoo. The Gentoo Council members are elected annually, for a period of one year, by the active Gentoo developers. When a member of the Council retires, the successor is voted into place by the existing Council members.

The Gentoo Foundation is a domestic non-profit corporation, registered in the State of New Mexico. In late 2007, the Foundation's charter was revoked, but by May 2008 the State of New Mexico declared that the Gentoo Foundation, Inc. had returned to good standing and was free to do business.

Gentoo Overview

Items Information & References


Based on Independent


Developer Gentoo Foundation


First release Enoch Linux 0.xx, 18-27/05/1999[1]


First official release Gentoo Linux 1.0, 31/03/2000.
Origin USA, International


Update method Rolling release


Architecture Gentoo Linux supports several processor architectures: IA-32, x86-64, IA-64, PA-RISC (HPPA), PowerPC 32/64, SPARC 64-bit, DEC Alpha, ARM 32/64, MIPS


Package
format
ebuild


Package
manager
Portage


License GNU GPL and others


Website www.gentoo.org


Wiki wiki.gentoo.org
Gentoo Releases history
Gentoo Releases History
Version Release date
Enoch Linux
Enoch 0.xx 18-27/05/1999[2]
Enoch Linux 0.75 12/1999
Gentoo Linux
pre-1.0 "inminent" 26/06/2000
1.0 Release Candidate 2 03/11/2000
1.0 Release Candidate 3 11/12/2000
1.0 Release Candidate 5 11/06/2001
1.0 Release Candidate 6 18/01/2002
Gentoo Linux 1.0 31/03/2002
1.1a 08/04/2002
1.2 10/06/2002
Unreal Tournament 2003 LiveCD 18/11/2002
1.4 05/08/2003
1.4 maintenance release 1 11/09/2003
2004.0 01/03/2004
2004.1 28/04/2004
2004.2 26/07/2004
2004.3 15/11/2004
2005.0 27/03/2005
2005.1 08/08/2005
2005.1-r1 21/11/2005
2006.0 27/02/2006
2006.1 30/08/2006
2007.0 07/05/2007
2008.0 06/07/2008
Weekly Releases started 22/09/2009
10.0 04/10/2009
10.1 10/10/2009
11.0 08/04/2011
11.2 02/01/2012
12.0 02/01/2012
12.1 01/04/2012
20121221 21/12/2012
20140826 26/08/2014
20160514 14/05/2016
20160704 04/07/2016
20170118 18/01/2017
17.0 30/11/2017
17.1 26/12/2017

Active Gentoo-based distributions

  1. Argent Linux: Is a romanian beta stage GNU/Linux distribution, based on Gentoo Hardened, oriented towards Development and Servers.
  2. AstLinux
  3. Bicom Systems PBXware: Bicom Systems' PBXware is a Gentoo-based single-purpose distribution that serves as a telephony platform. It supports a wide range of PSTN and VoIP technologies. Creation of enhanced voicemail, ACD queues, IVR auto attendants, conference bridges, music on hold, least-cost routing, national and global voice networks are all deployable as a single unit or redundant network.
  4. Calculate Linux
  5. Cambia Linux[3], direct descendant of Orchid Linux.
  6. Clip OS, is a french discontinued GNU/Linux distribution based on the Hardened Gentoo variant of Gentoo, which comes with a hardened toolchain and multiple security enhancements, created by ANSSI, the National Cybersecurity Agency of France. The package manager on the developer side is Portage, but the resulting builds for a CLIP OS distribution are shipped with Debian packages thanks to a custom wrapper. The aim was to produce a hardened operating system to secure sensitive information which meets the needs of the French Administration. CLIP development began in 2005. In September 2018, ANSSI released two version of CLIP OS to the public: a stable version 4, and an in-development version 5.
  7. CloudReady
  8. CloverOS GNU/Linux
  9. Chromium OS, (kernel Linux, in an Ubuntu 10.04 environment, using the Portage package manager from Gentoo).
  10. CosmicMod GNU/Linux
  11. Daphile: Is a minimal GNU/Linux distribution based on Gentoo, Squeezebox Server and Squeezelite, whose primary focus is in storage and playback of a digital music library and running a digital audio player on a headless computer. It also enables the best possible audio quality and future-proof flexibility by providing plug-and-play support for USB connected digital-to-analog converters (DAC). It's also a media manager can be controlled remotely using a web-based interface. The first version (daphile-13.07-b091352-x86_64) was released on 09/07/2013.
  12. epiOS: Designed and optimized for VIA Epia systems. It’s developed to detect and support all integrated hardware. The project developer was Daniel Heemann.
  13. Exherbo, now is an Independent GNU/Linux distribution, forked from Gentoo).
  14. exGENT
  15. Fantoo
  16. Flatcar Linux
  17. Funtoo Linux
  18. GaryOS
  19. GoboLinux
  20. MocaccinoOS, (born from the discontinued Sabayon Linux)
  21. Mayix XliveCD
  22. Medeix
  23. Pentoo
  24. Redcore Linux: Redcore Linux is a romanian GNU/Linux distribution, developed by Ghiunhan Mamut, based on Gentoo Linux testing branch which uses a hardened profile by default. It is a fork and a continuation of, now defunct, Kogaion Linux. Its aim is to provide a quick way to install a 100% Gentoo Linux compatible system, without spending hours or days compiling from source code. To achieve this goal, it provides a repository with prebuilt binary packages which receives continuous updates (rolling release model).
  25. SystemRescue]: SystemRescue (formerly known as SystemRescueCd) is a Linux system rescue toolkit available as a bootable medium for administrating or repairing your system and data after a crash. I was based on Gentoo Linux up to version 5.3.2. Since version 6.0.0.0.0 is based on Arch Linux.
  26. Xenia Linux, (Wiki) Is an immutable OS based on Gentoo Linux.
  27. Zynot
Funtoo

Funtoo Linux is a GNU/Linux distribution based on Gentoo Linux, started in late 2007 by Daniel Robbins, also creator of Gentoo and former leader of that project. Support OpenRC init system instead of systemd, is capable of using a pre-compiled Linux kernel, in fact, the Debian kernel is listed as recommended for those new to this distribution.

Funtoo Linux is optimized for the best possible performance on the latest Intel and AMD hardware.

Like its predecessor, Funtoo is a source-based distribution. Its development is being discussed on IRC channels, mailing lists and forums. Changes are sometimes announced in previews and posted on Atom.

Funtoo Linux features native UTF-8 support enabled by default, a git-based, distributed Portage tree and Funtoo overlay, an enhanced Portage with more compact mini-manifest tree, automated imports of new Gentoo changes every 12 hours, GPT/GUID boot support and streamlined boot configuration, enhanced network configuration, up-to-date stable and current Funtoo stages - all built using Funtoo's Metro build tool.

History

At the beginning of 2008, Daniel Robbins, founder of Gentoo, abandons the project due to the refusal of the foundation members to implement changes in that distribution.

Robbins decided to primarily develop a new distribution as a fork of Gentoo and thus implement each of the features that so far differentiate it from its predecessor.

The Funtoo project was born as an initiative to implement Robbins' vision of sharing innovations, which are primarily oriented towards the development of Gentoo itself.


Active Funtoo-based distributions
  1. Bentoo Linux
  2. Macaroni Linux OS
Discontinued Funtoo-based distributions
  1. Sabayon Linux
Sabayon Linux

Sabayon Linux or Sabayon (formerly RR4 Linux and RR64 Linux), is an italian discontinued Funtoo-based (prior to 2020 a Gentoo-based) GNU/Linux distribution created by Fabio Erculiani (LXNAY) and the Sabayon development team, which follows the works-out-of-the-box philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-configured operating system.

Sabayon was offered the user an easy-to-use workspace with a captivating look and feel, good hardware detection and a large number of up-to-date software packages installed by default, with additional software available in a repository.

Sabayon was available in several versions with the KDE, GNOME and Xfce desktop environments, respectively.

Sabayon Linux featured a rolling release cycle, its own software repository and a package management system called Entropy.

Sabayon was available in both x86 and AMD64 distributions and there was support for ARMv7 in development for the BeagleBone.

In November 2020 it was announced that future Sabayon Linux versions would base on Funtoo instead of Gentoo Linux. Sabayon Linux would hence be rebranded to MocaccinoOS[4].

  • The first release was published on 11/28/2005.
  • The last release 19.03, was published on 31/03/2019.

Name

It was named after an Italian dessert, zabaione, which is made from eggs.

Sabayon's logo was an impression of a chicken foot.


Package management
  • Update method: Entropy (Equo, Rigo) / Emerge
  • Package manager: Entropy (Equo, Rigo) / Portage

Sabayon Linux relied on two package managers. Portage was inherited from Gentoo, while Entropy was developed for Sabayon by Fabio Erculiani and others. Portage downloaded source-code and compiled it specifically for the target system, whereas Entropy managed binary files from servers. The binary tarball packages were precompiled using the Gentoo unstable tree. Entropy clients then pulled these tarballs and performed the various post- and pre-compilation calls of the Gentoo ebuild to set up a package correctly. This means the system was completely binary-compatible with a Gentoo system using the same build configuration. The adoption of two package managers allowed expert users to access the full flexibility of the Gentoo system and others to easily and quickly manage software applications and updates. The Entropy software featured the ability of allowing users to help generate relevant content by voting and by attaching images, files and web links to a package.

The Rigo application browser was a GUI front-end to Entropy that was the successor to Sulfur (aka Entropy Store). Taking on a "less is more" approach, Rigo was designed to be simple and fast. During an interview with Fabio Erculiani he described Rigo as a ”Google-like” Applications Management UI. Rigo handled system updates, package searching, install/removal of packages, up/down voting of packages, and many other common Entropy tasks.


Sabayon Linux Releases History
Version Desktop Environment Release Date
3.0RC1b miniEdition 01/07/2006
3.0RC2 16/08/2006
miniEdition 24/08/2006
3.0 14/09/2006
miniEdition 26/09/2006
3.05 04/10/2006
3.1 10/10/2006
miniEdition 09/10/2006
3.2 27/11/2006
miniEdition 11/12/2006
3.25 02/01/2007
3.26 08/01/2007
3.3 16/03/2007
miniEdition 25/03/2007
3.4 Loop 1 13/04/2007
3.4 Loop 2 18/05/2007
3.4 Loop 3 26/06/2007
1.0 "Business Edition" RE 15/07/2007
3.4 24/07/2007
3.4 Revision E 06/08/2007
3.4 miniEdition 23/09/2007
3.4 Revision F 07/09/2007
1.1 Professional Edition 23/10/2007
3.5 Loop 1 24/12/2007
3.5 Loop 2 17/03/2008
3.5 Loop 3 15/05/2008
3.5 01/07/2008
Pod 3.5 11/07/2008
3.5.1 09/11/2008
4 Revision 1 25/12/2008
4 LiteMCE 04/01/2009
4.1 GNOME 13/04/2009
KDE 29/04/2009
4.2 GNOME 30/06/2009
KDE 06/07/2009
coreCD 4.2 25/07/2009
5.0 GNOME/KDE 02/10/2009
5.1 GNOME/KDE 12/12/2009
CoreCD 5.1 20/12/2009
5.1 x86 GAMING EDITION 25/12/2009
5.2 GNOME/KDE 26/03/2010
5.3 GNOME/KDE 05/06/2010
SpinBase 18/06/2010
CoreCDX
LXDE/Xfce 19/07/2010
SpinBase/OpenVZ Templates
5.4 GNOME/KDE 30/09/2010
5.5 27/01/2011
6 23/06/2011
7 GNOME/KDE/Xfce 11/10/2011
8 07/02/2012
9 08/06/2012
10 GNOME/KDE/Xfce/MATE 13/09/2012
11 15/02/2013
13.04 30/04/2013
13.08 12/08/2013
14.01 Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate 20/12/2013
16.07 28/06/2016
16.11 Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate/Fluxbox 28/10/2016
19.03 DESKTOP 21/01/2018
19.03 SERVER
19.03 CLOUD
Active Sabayon-based distributions
  1. MocaccinoOS


MocaccinoOS

MocaccinoOS is a minimal Linux meta-distribution, developed by joostruis (Joost Ruis) y MocaccinoOS Community, which uses Luet as a package manager, which is completely static and fully based on containers. It comes in two variants:

  • Mocaccino Micro: Musl-based Linux From Scratch using only Luet. Suited for cloud and containers, but more to come as a Desktop flavor.
  • Mocaccino Desktop: Gentoo-based (former Sabayon branch) oriented towards Desktop systems.[5]

MocaccinoOS Releases History
Version Release Date
v0.0.0-alpha-test2 09/10/2021
v0.0.1-alpha02 12/02/2022
v0.1.0-beta 15/03/2022
v0.1.0-beta01 20/03/2022
v0.1.0-beta02 02/04/2022
v0.1.0-beta03 24/04/2022
v0.1.0-beta04 15/05/2022
v0.1.0-beta05 18/06/2022
v0.1.0-beta06 28/07/2022
v1.0 "Lisa" 03/09/2022
v1.1 "Lisa" 25/12/2022
v1.2 "Lisa" 27/02/2023
v1.3 "Lisa" 07/07/2023
v1.4 "Lisa" 24/01/2024
v1.5.1 30/03/2024


Discontinued Sabayon-based distributions
  1. Sabayon Forensics: A distribution that used the XFCE desktop environment. Purpose: It is intended to enable law enforcement agencies to access a suspect's computer to scan and retrieve all information.
  2. Sabayon for ARM
  3. Spike Pentesting: A GNU/Linux distribution with MATE desktop environment, for digital forensics and penetration testing. The distribution was based on binary packages of Sabayon Linux. Spike Live iso images are available in two versions, with desktops of your choice: MATE or GNOME, for x86_64 machines. Spike features a very large number of pre-installed applications, so the iso images size is over 4 GB each. The latest version of Spike Pentesting was version 1.0.2b released on 18/04/2015.


GoboLinux

GoboLinux is a modular GNU/Linux distribution it organizes the system programs in a new, logical way: each program has its own subdirectory tree, where all its files are located.

  • The first release was relesed on 20/03/2002.
  • The default user interface is Awesome WM.
  • Rather than following the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard, each program in a GoboLinux system has its own subdirectory tree, where all of its files (including settings specific for that program) may be found.
  • According to the GoboLinux developers, this results in a cleaner system.
Examples GoboLinux Filesystem Hierarchy

Thus, a program "Foo" has all of its specific files and libraries in /Programs/Foo, under the corresponding version of this program at hand. For example, the commonly known GCC compiler suite version 8.1.0, would reside under the directory /Programs/GCC/8.1.0.

The root of GoboLinux system:

~] cd /
/] ls
Programs
Users
System
Data
Mount

/Programs is where all programs reside. No exceptions. It is possible to explore what is installed on the system by looking inside it:

/] cd /Programs
/Programs] ls
AfterStep     E2FSProgs    Htop        NTP          Subversion
ALSA-Driver   Ed           HTTPD       OpenOffice   Sudo
ALSA-Lib      Eject        Hydrogen    OpenSSH      Swfdec
ALSA-OSS      Elinks       IBM-Java2   OpenSSL      Synaptics
ALSA-Utils    Ethereal     ID3Lib      Pango        SysFSUtils
Ardour        Expat        IEEE80211   Patch        Sysklogd
Audacity      File         IMLib2      Perl         TCL
Aumix         Firefox      InetUtils   Pkgconfig    TeTeX
Autoconf      Flac         Intltool    PodXTPro     Texinfo
Automake      Flex         IpodSlave   Popt         TIFF
Bash          Fontconfig   Iptables    PPP          TiMidity++
...           ...          ...         ...          ...
GoboLinux Overview

The GoboLinux hierarchy represents a radical departure from the filesystem traditionally employed by most UNIX-like operating systems where specific types of files are stored together in common standard subdirectories (such as /bin for executables and /etc for configuration files) and where package managers are used to keep track of what file belongs to which program. In GoboLinux, files from each program are placed under their respective program's own dedicated subdirectory. The makers of GoboLinux have said that "the filesystem is the package manager", and the GoboLinux package system uses the filesystem itself as a package database.

This is said to produce a more straightforward, less cluttered directory tree. GoboLinux uses symlinks and an optional kernel module called GoboHide to achieve all this while maintaining full compatibility with the traditional Linux filesystem hierarchy.

The creators of GoboLinux have stated that their design has other "modernisms", such as the removal of some distinctions between similar traditional directories (such as the locations of executables /bin, /usr/bin, and /usr/local/bin).

GoboLinux designers have claimed that this results in shell scripts breaking less often than with other GNU/Linux distributions. This change, introduced by GoboLinux in 2003, has only been adopted by other distributions much later: Fedora merged /bin and /usr/bin in 2012; Debian enabled the /usr merge by default in 2018.

GoboLinux also allows the user to have different versions of the same program installed concurrently (and even run them concurrently). Furthermore, it has been claimed that the package management index could never become unsynchronized with the filesystem, because references to nonexistent files simply become broken links, and thus become inactive.

GoboLinux's filesystem changes also allow other innovations, such as an entirely new boot system that does not use System V or BSD style init systems.


GoboLinux Releases History
Version Release Date
Versions prior to 005 were used only by the initial group of developers.
005 2003
006 09/05/2003
007 22/10/2003
010 07/01/2004
011 07/06/2004
012 06/06/2005
013 02/11/2006
014 04/04/2008
015 07/05/2014
016 15/12/2016
017 23/05/2020


Pentoo

Pentoo is a LiveCD and LiveUSB GNU/Linux distribution fron Switzerland, designed for penetration testing and security assessment. Pentoo is provided both as 32 and 64 bit installable LiveCD.

  • The first release was released on 22/06/2005.

Pentoo it's basically a Gentoo install with lots of customized tools, customized kernel, and much more.

It features packet injection patched wifi drivers, GPGPU cracking software, and lots of tools for penetration testing and security assessment. The Pentoo kernel includes grsecurity and PAX hardening and extra patches, with binaries compiled from a hardened toolchain with the latest nightly versions of some tools available.


Features
  • Kernel with wifi hacking related packages
  • Module loading support ala slax
  • Changes saving on usb pendrive
  • XFCE4 window manager
  • OPENCL cracking support with development tools
  • System and security updates if you got it finally installed
  • Available in 32-bit and 64-bit versions, the latter having a significant speed increase from 32 bits
  • Includes the required environment to crack passwords using GPGPU with openCL and CUDA configured 'out of the box]
  • Built on hardened linux, including a hardened kernel and toolchain
  • Hardened kernel with extra patches
  • Uses a Pentoo overlay, which allows tools to be built on top of a standard Gentoo build
  • Support for full disk encryption with LUKS if installed on HDD
  • Automated installation

Pentoo is Gentoo with the pentoo overlay. This overlay is available in layman so all you have to do is layman -L and layman -a pentoo.

We have a pentoo/pentoo meta ebuild and multiple pentoo profiles, which will install all the pentoo tools based on USE flags.


Pentoo Releases History
Release Date Version
2005/06/22 Pentoo 2005.1
2006/02/02 Pentoo 2006.0
2006/07/05 Pentoo 2006.1
2009/12/04 Pentoo 2009.0
2012/07/30 Pentoo 2012.0
2013/03/09 Pentoo 2013.0 RC1.1
2013/07/04 Pentoo 2013.0 RC1.8
2014/08/08 Pentoo 2013.0 RC1.9
2014/03/17 Pentoo 2014.0 RC2.1
2014/08/08 Pentoo 2014.0 RC3
2014/09/25 Pentoo 2014.0 RC3.5
2014/11/16 Pentoo 2014.0 RC3.6
2015/01/05 Pentoo 2015.0 RC3.7
2015/12/02 Pentoo 2015.0 RC4.6
2016/08/02 Pentoo 2015.0 RC5
2018/03/26 Pentoo 2018.0 RC6.3
2018/07/10 Pentoo 2018.0 RC7.1
2019/01/17 Pentoo 2019.0
2024/02/05 Pentoo 2024.0


Discontinued Gentoo-based distributions

  1. AnikOS: AnikOS is an effort to build highly secure and usable linux distribution to use on any security-critical Desktop or Server. AnikOS is based on current (unstable) Hardened Gentoo and built entirely
  2. BinToo GNU/Linux
  3. BitDefender RescueCD
  4. Container Linux
  5. FireballISO
  6. Flash Linux
  7. GentooTH Live CD/DVD Linux
  8. Gentoox
  9. Hroontoo Linux
  10. iBox
  11. iloog
  12. Incognito LiveCD
  13. Jollix
  14. Korora: Initially a method to quickly reproduce a Gentoo Linux on multiple desktop machines, the project was announced on 07/11/2007, as discontinued. Since 2010, the project was reborn, but based on Fedora as a remix.
  15. Knopperdisk: Is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution designed for a USB pendrive, contains various programs and utilities, such as network-related tools, based on Gentoo from 2004.8.30 to 2007.03.19.
  16. Kogaion Linux Kogaion is the Desktop version of Rogentos Linux Group, which primarily targets users in public Linux institutions. Kogaion Linux itself was a distribution based initially on Sabayon Linux, and later on Gentoo Linux and it was developed by RogentOS Development Group since 2011. However, after more than 5 years of development, most members of RogentOS Development Group decided to discontinue Kogaion Linux in November 2016.
  17. Liberté Linux
  18. Litrix Linux
  19. Navyn OS
  20. Nova, initially based on Gentoo (until version 2.0), from 2009. Since 2010 based on Ubuntu, version 2.1.
  21. OpenNAO - NAO OS
  22. Orchid Linux: It was a modern and sleek GNU/Linux distribution based on Gentoo for PC and Laptop users, founded by Hydaelyn (Lyse) or wamuu-sudo. The idea behind this project is to deliver a usable GUI Gentoo install, with modern tools and a sleek design, while providing a fast installation.
  23. PapugLinux: PapugLinux was a minimal GNU/Linux live CD based on the Gentoo Linux distribution for x86 computers. The goal of PapugLinux is to provide a minimal but functional free operating system which can be run on most computers, from 128mb old systems to the latest powerful configurations. The live system features Fluxbox window manager and a small set of basic applications. The latest version of PapugLinux 11.1 was released on 16/07/2011.
  24. PixieLive
  25. Phaeronix
  26. redWall Firewall
  27. RogentOS
  28. Sabayon Linux, by 2020, based on Gentoo Linux, then Funtoo Linux.
  29. Securix GNU/Linux
  30. SharkOS
  31. Tiny Hat Linux: Tin Hat is discontinued a security-focused GNU/Linux distribution derived from Hardened Gentoo Linux. It aims to provide a very secure, stable, and fast desktop environment that lives purely in RAM. Tin Hat boots from CD, or optionally from USB flash drive, but it does not mount any file system directly from the boot device. Instead, Tin Hat employs a large SquashFS image from the boot device which expands into tmpfs upon booting. This makes for long boot times, but fast speeds during use. The last version (20150616) was released on 16/06/2015.
  32. Toorox: Toorox is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution based on which boots into a KDE desktop using KNOPPIX hardware auto-detection and auto-configuration technologies. The live DVD can be installed to a hard disk with the help of a simple graphical installer. Toorox was a partly-rolling release distribution. The latest edition of Toorox, 01.2013, was released on 30/12/2012
  33. VLOS (VidaLinux) (from 2004.10.4 to 2009.12.3)
  34. Ututo
  35. Zentoo Linux: Zentoo Linux is a variant of Gentoo Linux with an emphasis on server deployment on x86_64 platforms .
  36. ZerahStar Zesktop


BinToo GNU/Linux

BinToo GNU/Linux is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution full featured binary pre-built from Egipt, founded by Mohamed Mahmoud Hagag, based on Gentoo which contains full binary packages, and programs, and system installer, and system control panel as well.

It features many applications installed to overcome for networkless users, the system now contains more than 1650+ preinstalled packages to fit this needs.

The distribution used the window manager Fluxbox, IceVM and the desktop environments GNOME, KDE and Xfce.

The distribution had 32-bit x86 (i486) as its platform.

Version 0.2b was released on 14/05/2006.

The last version 2007.1, was released on 15/01/2007.


Name
  • BinToo GNU/Linux is a fast way to BINary genTOO.

Container Linux

Container Linux (formerly CoreOS) is a discontinued open-source lightweight GNU/Linux distribution based on Gentoo designed for providing infrastructure for clustered deployments while focusing on automation, ease of application deployment, security, reliability, and scalability.

Built from the ground up and designed primarily for the modern data centre, Container Linux provides specialist tools for making the system secure, reliable and up-to-date.

Some of the more interesting features of the distribution include reliable updates and patches via FastPatch, a dashboard for managing rolling updates via CoreUpdate, a docker for packaging applications, as well as support for bare metal and many cloud providers. The first release was released on 03/10/2013.

  • Container Linux was acquired by Red Hat in 30/01/2018.
  • The last version 2512.3.0 was released on 22/05/2020.


FireballISO

FireballISO is a discontinued GNU/Linux Live distribution, which was based on Gentoo. It is a Vmware-based virtual machine.

The original intent of the project was to create a firewall with associated network services, but the distribution can do many things.

  • The first version was released on 03/03/2009.
  • The latest version (1.4), was releease on 06/03/2015.


Gentoox

Gentoox is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution from the UK developed by Thomas Pedley, based on Gentoo, corresponding to a compiled adaptation from Stage 1 with but with a patch system created from the ground up, which is specifically designed to run on an Xbox game console. It required a modchip or exploit to operate.

Gentoox was running alongside the games - with 3 options during installation: E, F and Native. Both E and F created a looping filesystem, which meant that none of the drives were formatted during installation (except for the cache partitions). If "Native" was chosen, then the F: partition was formatted to ReiserFS (making it inaccessible to Xbox applications).

Gentoox could be loaded via an .xbe file, or from a Cromwell-based BIOS (which could be flashed to the modchip during installation). If the E or F installations were used, no risk was taken.

Desktop environments that were available: AfterStep, Blackbox, Fluxbox, GNOME, IceWM, WindowMaker, Xfce.

The last version was 7.1, released on 28/01/2009.


Editions/Versions

All were 100% free and open source.

  • Home Edition, for beginners, had many software packages pre-installed and pre-configured for instant use out of the box
  • Pro Edition, for Barebones. It allowed to modify the installation according to the user's needs. Pro didn't even have a graphical user interface, let alone "useful" applications. Pro was a minimal installation to boot the system, all customisation of the operating system was left to the user with Pro.
  • MCE (Media Center Edition): Gentoox Media Center, it was more of a "Plugin" than a standalone distribution, it allowed to have a Media Center together with Gentoox Home or Pro.
  • Sparkle: For file system recovery.
  • Resctoox: System recovery.


Jollix

Jollix is a discontinued GNU/Linux LiveCD distribution from Germany, based on Gentoo Linux. From 2003.4.17 to the 2004.5.12 versions.

Jollix booted directly from CD without touching the hard disk.

Once Jollix was installed on a hard disk, it could be upgraded through Portage.

Jollix was aimed at gamers and multimedia enthusiasts who preferred Linux as a stable and secure platform.


Litrix Linux

Litrix Linux a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution from Brazil, in LiveCD format that can also be installed as a desktop operating system on x86 computers. The project was created and developed by Vagner Rodrigues between 2000 and 2011.

The first trial version of Litrix wes released in 2000 with the release of BZS (Brazilian Zip Slackware) a modified version of Slackware which was running on FAT 32 partitions giving an option to Windows 9X users who were not familiar with the GNU/Linux system to have the first contacts without the need to repartition the HD.

In late 2003 due to several problems with print servers and printer filters in Slackware, Vagner began looking for a better alternative to the print filters than APSFILTER used in Slackware.

After creating packages for Slackware from Foomatic + cups to Slackware, Vagner takes a copy of the script that generates the LiveCD Slax and develops Litrix Linux 1.0. Later Litrix Linux creates a fork of similarities with Slax and passes its own LiveCD generation script and CD boot.


History

The Litrix Linux project was created and developed by Vagner Rodrigues from the sum of his personal experiences.

The first test of the project took place around the year 2000 with the release of BZS (Brazilian Zip Slackware), a modified version of Slackware capable of running on FAT 32 partitions, giving Windows 9X users who were unfamiliar with the GNU/Linux system the option of having their first contact without the need to repartition the hard drive.

However, due to hosting problems at the time, the system was only available for a short time for download.

At the end of 2003, due to various problems with print servers and printer filters in Slackware, Vagner started looking for a better alternative to the APSFILTER used in Slackware.

After creating packages for Slackware from Foomatic + cups for Slackware Vagner takes a copy of the script that generates the Slax live CD and develops Litrix Linux 1.0.

The Litrix Linux 1.1. version was released on 24/03/2004.

Litrix Linux later forks the similarities with Slax and has its own LiveCD generation and CD boot script.

In 2005, Litrix 2.1 change the base and switched to the Gentoo base, bringing new features and the ability to be customized for greater performance.

The latest version is 11-12 and was launched on 23/12/2011.


Navyn OS

Navyn OS is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution from Poland, created by Mateusz Dworak aka compbatant, based on Gentoo, from 2004.6.1 to 2005.1.1 version.

It was a LiveCD that could be booted from a CD-ROM, but can also be installed on the hard disk, this process was much easier than installing Gentoo.

When booting, the system detected the devices and configured them (mainly network cables and sound cards).

Most of the applications included in Navyn OS required very few resources. All programs had low hardware requirements.

Main desktop environment in Navyn OS was Fluxbox.

Navyn OS had a very good port scanner nmap, a sniffer tcpdump and dsniff, mainly focused on capturing passwords. Nessus was a very versatile program, used to automatically scan for vulnerabilities on a remote server and generated reports on possible vulnerabilities.

The distribution was compiled for 686 architecture.


Ututo

Ututo, is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution consisting entirely of free software. The distribution is named for a variety of gecko found in northern Argentina.

Ututo was the first fully free Linux-based system recognized by the GNU Project.


History

The first release of Ututo was released on 16/10/2000, by Diego Saravia in National University of Salta. Argentina. It was one of the first LiveCD distributions in the world and the first Linux distribution in Argentina.

Ututo carried Simusol, a system to simulate Solar Energy projects. Ututo was simple to install, because it did not need any configuration. It automatically detected the hardware in the machine, it only asked to "move your mouse". At that time no other distribution worked that way.

In 2002, Ututo-R was created, which offered the possibility of operating like a software router. This version was created by Marcos Zapata and used in Buenos Aires public schools.

In 2004, the Ututo-e project was born, swiftly becoming the most important derivative of Ututo. This project was started by Daniel Olivera.

In 2006, Ututo was declared "of National Interest" by the Argentine Chamber of Deputies.


Ututo XS

Ututo XS was compiled using Gentoo Linux ebuilds and emerge software.

With the emergence of the XS series, many new features were added, including a faster system installer. Ututo has been used in different hardware projects such as iFreeTablet.

Pablo Manuel Rizzo designed the package management system, Ututo-Get, modelled after Debian's APT; however, as other Gentoo-based distros, Ututo is compatible with Portage.

Ututo has different binaries optimized for different Intel and AMD processors.

With no releases since Ututo XS 2012, 27/04/2012. the distribution is considered "dormant".

  • Ututo before version 2017.
  • From 2017, the distribution was based on Ubuntu, Ututo-UL, until 17/02/2017.

Ututo UL

Ututo UL (or Ubuntu-Libre) is the current developed version of Ututo. Ututo UL utilize Ubuntu as the distro base, with all non-free software removed as usual in the Ututo project, and Linux-libre as the kernel.

In 2017 the original idea of distributing Simusol, a system to simulate Solar Energy projects, returned to the heart of the project[6].




References