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Slackware


  • Slackware aims for design stability and simplicity and to be the most Unix-like GNU/Linux distribution.[1]
  • Slackware provides no graphical installation procedure and no automatic dependency resolution of software packages. It uses plain text files and only a small set of shell scripts for configuration and administration.
  • Slackware is available for the x86 and x86-64 architectures, with a port to the ARM architecture.

Name

The term "Slackware" is originally derived from the "pursuit of Slack" concept, a tenet, defined by the Church of the SubGeniu, a parody religion, with which Patrick Volkerding was affiliated. The choice of the name "Slackware" came about as a witty joke from the early days of the project.


Packages Management

Slackware's package management system, collectively known as pkgtools, can administer (pkgtool), install (installpkg), upgrade (upgradepkg), and remove (removepkg) packages from local sources.

It can also uncompress (explodepkg) and create (makepkg) packages.

The official tool to update Slackware over a network or the internet is slackpkg.

It was originally developed by Piter Punk as an unofficial way to keep Slackware up-to-date.

It was officially included in the main tree in Slackware 12.2, having been included in extras/ since Slackware 9.1.

When a package is upgraded, it will install the new package over the old one and then remove any files that no longer exist in the new package.

Once a package has been installed with slackpkg it can be managed with pkgtool or other package management commands. When running upgradepkg, it only confirms that the version numbers are different, thus allowing downgrading the package if desired.

Slackware packages are tarballs compressed using various methods.

Starting with 13.0, most packages are compressed using xz (based on the LZMA compression algorithm), utilizing the .txz filename extension.

Prior to 13.0, packages were compressed using gzip (based on the DEFLATE compression algorithm), using the .tgz extension.

Support for bzip2 and lzip compression was also added, using the filename extensions .tbz and .tlz respectively, although these are not commonly used.

History of Slackware

Beginnings

The Slackware project started as a series of fixes and modifications to the discontinued Softlanding Linux System (SLS) distribution, the most popular of the original GNU/Linux distributions and the first to offer a comprehensive software collection that comprised more than just the kernel and basic utilities, including an X11 graphical interface, TCP/IP, UUCP networking, and GNU Emacs.

Patrick Volkerding started with SLS after needing a LISP interpreter for a school project at the then named Moorhead State University (MSU). He found CLISP was available for Linux and downloaded SLS to run it. A few weeks later, Volkerding was asked by his artificial intelligence professor at MSU to show him how to install GNU/Linux at home and on some of the computers at school. Volkerding had made notes describing fixes to issues he found after installing SLS and he and his professor went through and applied those changes to a new installation. However, this took almost as long as it took to just install SLS, so the professor asked if the install disks could be adjusted so the fixes could be applied during installation. This was the start of Slackware. Volkerding continued making improvements to SLS.

  • The modified version of SLS gained popularity, and on 16/07/1993, it was officially released as "Slackware 1.0". It was distributed on 24 3½" floppy disk images, on anonymous FTP servers and was announced by Patrick Volkerding in the comp.os.linux newsgroups:

"... This version is largely based on the SLS system, but has been substantially improved and modified. There are two main series of disks, the A (13 disks) and the X (11 disks) ..." Patrick J. Volkerding

Selected years
1994

In early versions of Slackware, the distribution had three user accounts, "satan", "gonzo" and "snake". These were included only as examples, but were later removed because they posed a potential computational risk.

The size of Slackware quickly increased with the addition of included software, and by version 2.1, released October 1994, it had more than tripled to comprise 73 1.44M floppy disk images.

1999

In 1999, Slackware saw its version jump from 4 to 7. Slackware version numbers were lagging behind other distributions, and this led many users to believe it was out of date even though the bundled software versions were similar. Volkerding made the decision to bump the version as a marketing effort to show that Slackware was as up-to-date as other GNU/Linux distributions, many of which had release numbers of 6 at the time. He chose 7, estimating that most other distributions would soon be at this release number.

2004

In April 2004, Patrick Volkerding added X.Org Server packages into the testing/ directory of -current as a replacement for the XFree86 packages currently being used, with a request for comments on what the future of the X Window System in Slackware should be. A month later, he switched from XFree86 to X.Org Server after stating that the opinions were more than 4 to 1 in favor of using the X.org release as the default version of X. He stated the decision was primarily a technical one, as XFree86 was proving to cause compatibility problems. Slackware 10.0 was the first release with X.Org Server.

2005

In March 2005, Patrick Volkerding announced the removal of the GNOME desktop environment in the development ChangeLog. He stated this had been under consideration for more than four years and that there were already projects that provided a more complete version of GNOME for Slackware than what Slackware itself provided. Volkerding stated future GNOME support would rely on the community.

2006

The community responded and as of October 2016, there are several active GNOME projects for Slackware. These include Cinnamon, Dlackware, Feerock GNOME, Dropline GNOME, MATE, and SlackMATE. The removal was deemed significant by some in the Linux community due to the prevalence of GNOME in many distributions.

2007

In 2007, it includes the 2.6.x series of the Linux kernel as stable.

Over the course of Slackware's history, other distributions and LiveCDs based on it have been born. Some of the most popular include College Linux, SLAX, Vector Linux and Zenwalk.

2008

On August 13, 2008 Slackware included KDE 4 in the testing branch (Slackware-current) in the /testing directory.

2009

On May 19, 2009 Volkerding announced the start of official support for the 64-bit architecture, which started in the development branch (current).

In May 2009, Patrick Volkerding announced the public (development) release of an official x86_64 variant, called Slackware64, maintained in parallel with the IA-32 distribution.

  • Slackware64 is a pure 64-bit distribution in that it does not support running or compiling 32-bit programs, however, it was designed as "multilib-ready".

Eric Hameleers, one of the core Slackware team members, maintains a multilib repository that contains the necessary packages to convert Slackware64 to multilib to enable running of 32-bit software. Hameleers started the 64-bit port as a diversion from the pain of recovering from surgery in September 2008.

Volkerding tested the port in December 2008, and was impressed when he saw speed increases between 20 and 40 percent for some benchmarks compared to the 32-bit version. To minimize the extra effort of maintaining both versions in parallel, Slackware's build scripts, called SlackBuilds, were slowly transitioned to supporting either architecture, allowing for one set of sources for both versions. Slackware64 saw its first stable release with version 13.0.

On July 9, 2009 Volkerding announced on the official Slackware website support for ARM architectures, an official port called ARMedslack,4 for both version 12.2 and current.

On August 26, 2009 the Slackware project released version 13.0, which highlighted two important announcements, the first is the replacement of KDE 3 by KDE 4, and the second was the release of the first official version of Slackware for 64-bit architecture, which until that time other projects, such as Slamd64, developed unofficial ports of Slackware for that architecture.

2010

On May 24, 2010 version 13.1 was released, which had as main improvements the SC version of KDE 4.4.3, the Linux kernel 2.6.33.4, updated libraries and applications such as Firefox and Thunderbird.

April 27, 2011 released version 13.37, Linux kernel 2.6.37.6 , Linux kernel 2.6.35.12 and 2.6.39-rc4 in testing, X system improvements (includes nouveau for nvidia graphics cards), firefox 4 web browser , KDE SC 4.5.5 and the usual enhancements.

2013

On March 23, 2013 it was announced that MySQL was removed and MariaDB was added as database server. This change is applied to the development version (Slackware-current) for the time being and is going to be available in the next stable release.

Between the November 2013 release of 14.1 and June 2016, Slackware saw a 31-month gap between releases, marking the longest span in release history. During this time the development branch went without updates for 47 days.

2005

However, on April 21, 2015, Patrick Volkerding apologized on the ChangeLog for the absence of updates and stated that the development team used the time to get "some good work done." There were over 700 program changes listed on that ChangeLog entry, including many major library upgrades.

2016

In January 2016, Volkerding announced the reluctant addition of PulseAudio, primarily due to BlueZ dropping direct ALSA support in v5.x. while various other projects were in turn dropping support for BlueZ v4.x. Knowing some users would not be happy with the change, he stated that "Bug reports, complaints, and threats can go to me." These changes culminated in the release of Slackware 14.2 in June 2016.

On June 30, 2016, version 14.2 was announced5 as stable, with Linux kernel 4.4.14, updated libraries and applications such as: XFCE 4.12.1 and KDE 4.14.21 (KDE 4.13.3 with kdelibs-4.14.21), X11 to version X11R7.7, which includes improvements in terms of performance and hardware support; gcc-5.3.0 by default for C, C++, Objective-C; the x86_64 version supports installation and booting on machines using UEFI firmware.

Slackware Overview

Items Information & References
Based on Independent, initially based on Softlanding Linux System.
Developer Patrick Volkerding in 1993.
First release 1.00[2], 17/07/1993.
Origin USA
Architecture Slackware supports several processor architectures:
Architecture Description
amd64 64-bits PC (x86-64)
i386 32-bit PC (x86-32)
AArch64 64-bits ARM (ARM8-A, 64 bits)[3]
Package format
  • Slackware packages are tarballs compressed using various methods.
  • Starting with 13.0, most packages are compressed using xz (based on the LZMA compression algorithm), utilizing the .txz filename extension.
  • Prior to 13.0, packages were compressed using gzip (based on the DEFLATE compression algorithm), using the .tgz extension.
  • Support for bzip2 and lzip compression was also added, using the filename extensions .tbz and .tlz respectively, although these are not commonly used.
Package manager • pkgtool, slackpkg; slapt-get
Userland GNU
Default user interface CLI
License]] GPL with software and components LGPL, BSD, MIT among others.
Website www.slackware.com
Docs docs.slackware.com (Slackware Documentation Project)

Slackware Releases History

Slackware Releases History
Version Release date Kernel version
1.00 1993-07-17 0.99.11 Alpha
1.1 1993-11-05 0.99.13
1.2 1994-03-19 1.0.8
2.0 1994-07-02 1.0.9
2.1 1994-10-31 1.1.59
2.2 1995-03-30 1.2.1
2.3 1995-05-24 1.2.8
3.0 1995-11-30 1.2.13
3.1 1996-06-03 2.0.0
3.2 1997-02-17 2.0.29
3.3 1997-06-11 2.0.30
3.4 1997-10-14 2.0.30
3.5 1998-06-09 2.0.34
3.6 1998-10-28 2.0.35
3.9 1999-05-10 2.0.37pre10
4.0 1999-05-17 2.2.6
7.0 1999-10-25 2.2.13
7.1 2000-06-22 2.2.16
8.0 2001-07-01 2.2.19
8.1 2002-06-18 2.4.18
9.0 2003-03-19 2.4.20
9.1 2003-09-26 2.4.22
(patched to 2.4.26)
10.0 2004-06-23 2.4.26
10.1 2005-02-02 2.4.29
10.2 2005-09-14 2.4.31
11.0 2006-10-02 2.4.33.3
12.0 2007-07-01 2.6.21.5
12.1 2008-05-02 2.6.24.5
12.2 2008-12-10
13.0 2009-08-26 2.6.29.6
13.1 2010-05-24 2.6.33.4
13.37 2011-04-27 2.6.37.6
14.0 2012-09-28 3.2.29
14.1 2013-11-04 3.10.17
(patched to 3.10.107)
14.2 2016-06-30 4.4.14
(patched to 4.4.301)
15.0 2022-02-02 5.15.19
(patched to 5.15.145)

Active Slackware based distributions

  1. Absolute Linux
  2. Belisoft Linux
  3. Floyd GNU/Linux
  4. Mekano Linux
  5. Naulcapan
  6. Parted Magic
  7. Plamo Linux
  8. Porteus
  9. Salix
  10. Salocin
  11. Sauver
  12. Slackel
  13. Slax (also based on Debian since 9.2.1 version).
  14. Splack Linux
  15. Slint
  16. Utopia/Personal
  17. Zenwalk GNU Linux
  18. 0x7F GNU/Linux


Absolute Linux

Absolute Linux is a 64-bit lightweight GNU/Linux distribution developed by Paul Sherman based on Slackware, and version-compatible with it, that can run on modest hardware and includes the latest software.


Features
  • It concentrates on "desktop" use so that it is ready for internet, multimedia, document and general home use out of the box.
  • Uses a graphical interface to XPKGTOOL. Absolute Linux also includes Gsplat, a graphical interface for Slapt-get that works similarly to Apt-get.
  • Uinux uses IceWM as window manager and ROX for its window and file managers.
  • Is developed for 64-bit processors only.

Absolute Linux Releases History
Version
Release Date
Version 64
Release Date
12.0
17/07/2007
Absolute64-20180515
05/15/2018
13.0
10/09/2009
absolute64-20190320
21/03/2019
14.0
10/01/2012
absolute64-20190413
13/04/2019
15.0
06/02/2022
absolute64-20190510
11/05/2019
absolute64-20190811
13/08/2019
absolute64-20190814
14/08/2019
absolute64-20191125
25/11/2019
absolute64-20191216
16/12/2019
absolute64-20200223
24/02/2020
absolute64-20200419
20/04/2020
absolute64-20200518
20/05/2020
absolute64-20200614
17/06/2020
absolute64-20200827
28/08/2020
absolute64-20201103
03/11/2020
absolute64-20201107
07/11/2020
absolute64-20201227
01/01/2021
absolute64-20210302
03/03/2021
absolute64-20210319
20/03/2021
absolute64-20210327
28/03/2021
absolute64-20210411
11/04/2021
absolute64-20210608
09/06/2021
absolute64-20210628
29/06/2021
absolute64-20210730
30/07/2021
absolute64-20210923
24/09/2021
absolute64-20211024
25/10/2021
absolute64-20211109
10/11/2021
absolute64-20220117
18/01/2022
absolute64-20220405
05/04/2022
absolute64-20220701
04/07/2022
absolute64-20220724
27/07/2022
Absolute64Live-20220825
27/08/2022
absolute64-20220825
27/08/2022
absolute64-20221120
21/11/2022
absolute64-20230122.
23/01/2023
absolute64-20230625
27/06/2023
absolute64-20230816
16/08/2023
absolute64-20231124
24/11/2023


Parted Magic

Parted Magic is a commercial LiveCD/LiveUSB GNU/Linux distribution based on Slackware that has purpose of disk partitioning and and like a data recovery tools. It is sold as a GNU/Linux based bootable disk. The distribution's nomenclature is derived from the names of the GNU Parted and PartitionMagic software packages.

Although GParted and Parted are the main programs, the CD/USB also offers other applications, such as Partition Image, TestDisk, fdisk, sfdisk, dd, ddrescue, etc.


Features
  • The program is directly bootable from a CD, USB flash drive, or through a network using PXE on PC hardware, and does not require installation, or the presence of an installed operating system.
  • Although originally designed for mechanical hard disk drives, Parted Magic is suitable for use also with solid state drives and can perform an ATA Secure Erase (a method that is built into the hard drive controller to return the drive into its factory state).
  • Parted Magic supports reading and writing to a variety of modern file systems, including: ext2, ext3, ext4, fat16, fat32, ntfs, reiserfs, exfat, hfs, hfs+, f2fs and btrfs. With limited support: jfs, Linux swap, lvm2 pv, nilf, reiser4, ufs, xfs and zfs.
  • msdos and gpt partitions tables supported.
  • Requires at least a 64-bit processor with 8GB of RAM. 2GB in Live mode. Compatible with Secure Boot Windows machines. Runs well on Intel Macs.
  • Storage Devides: Hard disk drives (SATA, IDE, and SCSI). Flash memory. USB drives. SSD (Solid State Drives). Devices with sector sizes of 512, 1024, 2048, 4096, etc.
  • The software distribution includes networking support, and comes with the Firefox web browser.
  • Xfce came by default in versions 1.9, 2.2, 3.0, and from version 2020_12_25 onwards.
  • Openbox came by default between versions 3.7 through 6.7, and between 2011_12_30 through 2019_12_24.
  • In August 2013 the distribution became a commercial product and is no longer available as a free download.

PartedMagic Releases History
Version
Release Date
Version 64
Release Date
1.9 26/10/2007
2.2 25/07/2008
3.0 25/02/2009
3.7 04/04/2009
4.0 14/06/2010
4.11 14/06/2010
5.10 16/02/2011
6.7 02/10/2011
2011_12_30 30/12/2011
2012_12_25 25/12/2012
2013_11_11 11/11/2013
2014_11_19 19/11/2014
2015_11_13 13/11/2015
2016_10_18 18/10/2016
2017_09_05 05/09/2017
2018_10_12 12/10/2018
2019_12_24 24/12/2019
2020_12_25 25/12/2020
2021_11_17 17/11/2021
2022_09_04 04/09/2022


Plamo Linux

Plamo Linux (formerly Plagia), is a japanese lightweigth GNU/Linux distribution, it was started by Mitsuhiro Kojima in the summer of 1997, based on Slackware and LFS, developed with a simple, easy-to-understand system and with a view to maintaining the hobbyist nature of GNU/Linux, allowing users to enjoy the pleasure of creating their own GNU/Linux environment.

The installer, and many text-based and graphical tools have been updated to include Japanese language support.

Plamo Linux supports the i486 and x86-64 platforms.

The distribution supports the AfterStep window manager and the MATE and Xfce desktop environments.


History

Plamo Linux is a Japanese-language Linux distribution based on Slackware, and was started by Mitsuhiro Kojima in the summer of 1997.

At first, Plamo Linux was developed with the aim of making it "easy for beginners to build a Japanese environment", but nowadays we leave the beginner-friendly parts to commercial distributions, and strive to maintain a simple and clear environment without excessive blackboxing or automation. The development of Plamo Linux continues based on the idea of valuing the bobbiness of Linux.

Plamo Linux has long supported the NEC PC-9801/9821 series, but for various reasons support was discontinued in Plamo 4.x and later versions.


Name

Originally, the author of the Slackware installer, who had converted the Slackware installer to Japanese and 1FD, knew that if each package was also replaced with one from JE (Japanese Environment), the Japanese environment could be installed in one go. Due to copyright restrictions, we could not call it Slackware, so we called it plagiaware (plagiarism: plagiarism, theft, plagiarism), which means plagiarising Slackware.

However, plagiarism is a highly negative nuanced word in English-speaking countries, so we asked for names on the mailing list, and the name Plamo was chosen.

Originally, the name "Plagiaware" was chosen from "Plagia" meaning "plagiarism" of Slackware, but since the word has a strong negative meaning in English-speaking countries, "Plamo" was chosen from a list of names. The name reflects the development motto of valuing the hobbyist nature of Linux.


Development structure

Plamo development is led by the plamo-maintainer-ML, a team of less than 10 people.

There is no specific roadmap, and versions are upgraded in response to major updates to the kernel and libraries, and on the occasion of inclusion in specialist journals.

The alpha version is tested mainly by people involved in the plamo-maintainer-ML, and when the beta version is released, testers are recruited on the plamo-ML. Plamo support system

Plamo Linux is basically distributed as an ftp version only, but it may be included on CD-ROM or DVD-ROM depending on the specialist journal.


Features
  • It does not have a package system like RPM or Portage, but uses a simple package management system called pkgtool, the same as Slackware, and its configuration is extremely simple. It has been developed based on the idea of valuing the bobbiness of Linux, striving to maintain a simple and clear environment without excessive black-boxing or automation. Therefore, it is very easy to customize.

A*NEC PC-9821/9801 series were supported until Version 3.x . Since the distribution was developed in Japan, it was developed on the assumption that it would be used in Japanese.

  • On 31/10/2011, Plamo64-1.0 was tentatively released to support x64, and a year later, on 30/12/2012, Plamo 5.0 was released simultaneously as x86 and x64 versions.
  • Currently, the package management mechanism is based on Slackware, but the released packages are developed independently.

Plamo Linux Releases History
Release Date Version
Plagia
1997-11-05 plagia-alpha4 1st print
1997-11-06 plagia-alpha4 2nd print
1997-12-13 plagia-β1
1998-02-11 plagia-β2
1998-03-18 plagia-β2.1
1998-03-24 plagia-β2.2
1998-04-14 plagia-pre-β3
1998-04-24 plagia-β3
1998-05-24 Name changed from Plagia to Plamo
Plamo
Release Date Version
1998-06-20 Plamo Linux 1.0
1998-08-15 Plamo Linux 1.1
1998-08-23 Plamo Linux 1.1
1998-09-27 Plamo Linux 1.1.2
1998-10-05 Plamo Linux 1.2
1998-10-18 Plamo Linux 1.3
1999-01-23 Plamo Linux 1.4pr5
1999-02-16 Plamo Linux 1.4.1
1999-07 Plamo Linux 1.4.4
1999-08 Plamo Linux 1.4.4
1999-11: Plamo Linux 1.4.5
1999-09-19 Plamo Linux 2.0 α
1999-10-13 Plamo Linux 2.0 α1
1999-11-29 Plamo Linux 2.0 β1
2000-04-22 Plamo Linux 2.0
2000-09-29 Plamo Linux 2.1
2001-05-05 Plamo Linux 2.2 β4
2001-05-21 Plamo Linux 2.2
2001-06-06 Plamo Linux 2.2.1
2002-03-23 Plamo Linux 2.2.5
2002-05-30 Plamo Linux 2.2.6
2002/03/26 Plamo Linux 3.0-alpha1
2002/05/30 Plamo Linux 3.0-alpha1
2002/08/05 Plamo Linux 3.0-beta1
2002/09/02 Plamo Linux 3.0-beta2
2002/09/23 Plamo Linux 3.0
2003/04/21 Plamo Linux 3.1 RC1
2003/05/18 Plamo Linux 3.1
2003/06/17 Plamo Linux 3.2
2003/08/20 Plamo Linux 3.2.1
2003/09/04 Plamo Linux 3.3
2004-01-16 Plamo Linux 4.0-alpha1
2004-04-07 Plamo Linux 4.0-beta1
2004-04-18 Plamo Linux 4.0-beta2
2004-05-10 Plamo Linux 4.0-beta3
2004-06-09 Plamo Linux 4.0-RC1
2004-06-25 Plamo Linux 4.0
2004-09-10 Plamo Linux 4.01
2005-04-01 Plamo Linux 4.02
2005-05-08 Plamo-4.1 is discontinued, and plamo-4.2 is built
2005-05-15 Plamo-4.2 series to Plamo-4.2-a1
2006-03-16 Plamo-4.2-beta2
2006-03-27 Plamo-4.2-beta3
2006-04-01 Plamo-4.2
2006-08-18 Plamo-4.21-beta1
2006-08-27 Plamo-4.21-beta2
2006-10-05 Plamo-4.21
2007-06-20 Plamo-4.22beta1
2007-08-25 Plamo-4.22β2
2007-09-11 Plamo-4.22β3
2007-09-24 Plamo-4.22RC1
2007-10-03 Plamo-4.22
2008-01-23 Plamo-4.5a1
2008-08-24 Plamo-4.5beta1
2008-09-07 Plamo-4.5beta2
2008-09-23 Plamo-4.5beta3
2008-10-04 Plamo-4.5rc1
2008-10-16 Plamo-4.5
2009-01-22 Plamo-4.51beta3
2009-02-03 Plamo-4.51
2009-02-04 Plamo-4.51rc1
2009-02-17 Plamo-4.6beta1
2009-02-25 Plamo-4.6
2009-09-09 Plamo-4.7beta3
2009-09-23 Plamo-4.7beta4
2009-09-30 Plamo-4.7
2009-11-16 Plamo-4.71rc1
2009-11-23 Plamo-4.71
2010-02-22 Plamo-4.72rc1
2010-03-04 Plamo-4.72
2010-08-10 Plamo-4.73beta1
2010-08-21 Plamo-4.73beta2
2010-09-02 Plamo-4.73
2011-12-17 Plamo64-RC1
2011-12-26 Plamo64-RC2
2011-12-31 Plamo64-1.0 (64 bits version)
Plamo64-1.0 and build the 32-bit environment to match it, and release it as the Plamo-5.x series.
2012-12-15 Plamo-5.0 beta 1
2012-12-24 Plamo-5.0 beta 2
2012-12-30 Plamo-5.0
2013-04-26 Plamo-5.1 beta 1
2013-05-11 Plamo-5.1 beta 2
2013-05-12 Plamo-5.1 beta 3
2013-05-27 Plamo-5.1
2013-12-13 Plamo-5.2 beta 1
2013-12-20 Plamo-5.2 beta 2
2013-12-29 Plamo 5.2
2014-12-23 Plamo 5.3 beta 1
2014-12-31 Plamo 5.3
2015-01-23 Plamo 5.3.1 beta 1
2015-02-01 Plamo 5.3.1
2015-10-18 Plamo 6.0
2016-02-25 Plamo 6.1
2017-02-17 Plamo 6.2
2018-05-19 Plamo 7.0 beta1
2018-05-31 Plamo 7.0 beta2
2018-06-13 Plamo 7.0
2019-05-15 Plamo 7.1
2020-05-13 Plamo 7.2
2021-05-05 Plamo 7.3
2022-04-30 Plamo 7.4
2023-06-10 Plamo 8.0
2023-06-15 Plamo 8.1


Porteus

Porteus (formerly Slax Remix) is a lightweight, fast, portable, modular and complete Live CD/USB GNU/Linux distribution from Poland, developed by Fanthom, based on Slackware a heavily modified version of the Linux-Live scripts. The distribution started as a community remix of Slax, with KDE 3 as the default desktop for the i486 edition and a stripped-down KDE 4 as the desktop environment for the x86_64 flavour. There are several desktop enviroment of the distribution, which include editions running Cinnamon, GNOME, KDE Plasma, LXQt, MATE, and Xfce.

It's small (under 300Mb). Porteus comes in both 32 & 64 bit and aims to keep on the bleeding edge. It also supports several different languages.

The Porteus 1.0 version was released on 20/06/2011, and based on Slackware 13.37, with window managers: LXDE compiled on slackware 13.37, KDE-4.6.4 (64bit), and Trinity KDE-3.5.12 (32bit).


Development

The Porteus project started out as "Slax Remix" at the beginning of 2010 and was started as a community project using the Zen kernel to improve and update the Slax OS.

Name

The community agreed on the new name of the project, Porteus, which was named after Portability and Proteus.

  • Proteus is a "Greek god of the sea, capable of changing his form at will", according to the naming announcement on the Porteus forum.
The project leader commented on the name,

"I find this name as a kind of synonym of flexibility. We have portable (small) and flexible (modular) features included in one name: Porteus."


Features
  • The Porteus Package manager is USM (Unifier Slackware Manager).
  • Lightning-fast boot time
  • Can be run from USB Flash drives, CDROM's, DVDROM's, hard disks, flash card devices, or just about any device you can get your PC to boot from!
  • LZMA2 (xz) compression for modules
  • Changes to the system (customization, downloaded files, browser history and favorites, etc) can be saved persistently to your USB or hard drive, or you can boot into 'Always Fresh' mode, and no changes to your system will be saved anywhere
  • Support for dozens of languages
  • A dependency-resolving package manager written just for Porteus, with built-in access to 5 slackware repositories.
  • Porteus-specific scripts for creating and manipulating modules, network configuration (wifi included), language selection, and much more
  • Updated installers for linux and windows
  • "Porteus Settings Centre" which serves as a central location for updating, installing, managing settings, viewing system information, etc.

Porteus Concepts
Fast
The option to load Porteus into RAM results in a freakishly fast system that has almost all the functionality of a fully fledged Slackware install and twice the speed. Even when Porteus is loaded from a flash device or locally, it is still very speedy, and ready to go only 25 seconds (depending on system specifications) after pushing the power button.
Portable
Is stored in a squashed format resulting in XZM files which decompress very quickly. While stored it weighs in at under 300Mb making it a lightweight contender with the speed of a cat. This is accomplished by stripping down the full [Slackware]] install to a bare minimum which is quite a feat. The linux-live and boot scripts have been rewritten by Fanthom to increase the speed at boot time and shutdown time.
Modular
Porteus has a modular design. Unlike other distros where one has a package manager that connects the internet and downloads a package (program), Porteus uses modules. These are pre compiled packages that you activate and deactivate. The traditional 'installation' of a program is now redundant as simply double clicking on a module, causes it to be mounted and injected into the file system ready for use. This happens in a fraction of a second and the application is ready for use.

Double click on it again and the module is deactivated and removed from the directory structure. Modules can be downloaded and stored somewhere locally for activation as you require it.


Porteus Releases History
Version Release Date
1.0 20/06/2011
1.1-rc2 22/11/2011
1.1 08/01/2012
1.2rc1 20/02/2012
1.2 rc2 06/05/2012
1.2 04/07/2012
2.0 RC1 24/12/2012
2.0 rc2 29/01/2013
2.0 20/02/2013
2.1 RC1 04/06/2013
2.1 RC2 09/07/2013
2.1 09/08/2013
3.0-rc1 24/12/2013
3.0-rc2 07/02/2014
3.0 11/03/2014
3.0.1 05/08/2014
3.1rc1 18/10/2014
3.1rc2 16/11/2014
3.1 09/12/2014
3.2rc2 08/05/2016
3.2rc3 08/06/2016
3.2rc5 09/09/2016
3.2.2 29/12/2016
4.0rc4 14/02/2018
4.0 29/04/2018
5.0rc1 16/06/2019
5.0rc2 09/08/2020
5.0rc3 08/07/2021
5.0 03/07/2022
5.01 26/09/2023


Slax

Slax is a LiveCD GNU/Linux distribution developed by Tomáš Matějíček, that combines sleek design with modular approach.

Slax runs directly from a USB flash drive with no installation required.

Despite its small size, it offers a graphical user interface and a selection of pre-installed basic software.

Built on either Slackware or Debian, Slax allows to take advantage of the vast ecosystem of each platform.

Slax has tens of thousands of preconfigured packages and applications available through the slackpkg (for Slackware) or apt (for Debian) command.


Features

One of the main benefits of the Slax distribution is its ease of customization. Additional software can be added and removed, using Slax modules. A traditional package manager such as Debian's APT is not required to load additional software; Slax modules are completely self-contained. However, APT is fully supported. Users can also modify the default CD image or USB drive installation to customize the packages available in the distribution on boot. Slax also allows Debian packages to be converted into Slax modules.

Slax modules are compressed read-only SquashFS file system images that are compressed with a LZMA compressor. The various modules are stacked together to build the complete Slax root directory. A supplemental writable layer (a tmpfs file system) is put on the top of the stack to implement the write functionality.

The stackable file system of choice changed between Slax versions 5 (UnionFS) and 6 (aufs), as did the module file name extension (changed from .mo to .sb).


Slax Releases History
Version Release date Based on
1.8.0.1
Slackware-Live! 1
27/06/2002 Slackware 8.1
2.9.0.1
Slackware-Live! 2
20/04/2003 Slackware 9.0
3.0.24
Slax 3
01/01/2004 Slackware
4.0.1
Slax 4
24/02/2004 Slackware
5.0.2
Slax 5
22/04/2005 Slackware-current
6.0.2
Slax 6
04/02/2008 Slackware
7.0
Slax 7
10/12/2012 Slackware
9.3
Slax 9
24/12/2017 Debian 9
11.2.0
Slax 11
22/02/2022 Debian 11
15 15/07/2022 Slackware 15
Active Slax based derivatives
  1. Wifislax
Discontinued Slax based derivatives
  1. 4bak (previously DDbackup): Is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution, in a modular LiveUSB format, with the goal is to include the set of useful tools for backing up disk drives, partitions and files. It included a collection of forensics, backup and recovery applications. It contained AIR (Automated Image and Restore), Partimage, Xarchiver and others tools. The default desktop environment was a mix of Fluxbox and Rox. The last version 0.02 of 4bak was based on Slax 6.0.7 with the kernel 2.6.24.5. 4bak was configured in dual boot with DBAN (Darik’s Boot and Nuke).
  2. AliXe: Is a discontinued canadian small and compact desktop-oriented GNU/Linux LiveCD distribution based on Slax, making it particularly suitable for older hardware, with the goal of promoting GNU/Linux among the French-speaking public of the Québec province in Canada. AliXe also offered full support for both french and english despite it’s small size. There was an optional installer (not included in the iso) for a conventional hard disk installation. AliXe also offered the option to run fully cached in RAM, provided sufficient memory was available. AliXe was built with Linux Live scripts so a frugal installation, similar to Damn Small Linux, where the iso image is installed directly to the hard disk and booted in read-only mode. The code base of AliXe was a heavily modified version of Slax 6rc6, which in turn was based on Slackware 12. Unlike Slax, which used KDE for the desktop environment, AliXe used Xfce as the desktop environment. To stay small AliXe offered only one of each type of application it provides, including the desktop.
  3. BackTrack is Kali Linux since 2013.
  4. BioSlax
  5. Damn Vulnerable Linux
  6. De-ICE.net
  7. Klax Live-CD
  8. Parslinux GNU/Linux
  9. WHAX: Slax-based Linux distribution developed by Mati Aharoni, a security consultant. Earlier versions of WHAX were called Whoppix and were based on KNOPPIX.
  10. Wolvix


Salix

Salix (formerly Salix OS) is a GNU/Linux distribution based on Slackware that is simple, fast and easy to use, with stability being a primary goal.

Salix is also fully backwards compatible with Slackware, so Slackware users can benefit from Salix repositories, which they can use as an "extra" quality source of software for their favorite distribution. Like a bonsai, Salix is small, light & the product of infinite care.

Salix includes a complete desktop environment and a complete selection of applications that matches the respective environment, always following the "one application per task" rationale. Only the minimum essentials for a console system to start are included. A graphical environment is not provided. This is ideal if you are an experienced user and want to customize your installation for any specific purpose, such as a web server, file server etc.


Features
  • One application per task on the installation ISO
  • Fully backwards compatible with Slackware
  • Advanced package management with dependency support, localised system administration tools and innovative artwork.
  • Optimized for desktop usage
  • High quality package repositories with dependency support (custom package repositories)
  • Incredibly fast package tools
  • Simple & fully localized system administration tools
  • Supports 32-bit and 64-bit architectures
  • Comes with a complete development environment.

Salix Releases History
Version Release Date
salix64-xfce-13.0.2 23/12/2009
salix-13.0.2a
salix64-13.0.2a
25/12/2009
salix-13.1 04/06/2010
salixlive-13.0.1 27/07/2010
salix64-fluxbox-13.1.2 07/12/2010
salix64-kde-13.1.2
salix-kde-13.1.2
salixlive-kde-13.1.2
30/10/2010
salixlive-kde-int-13.1.2a.iso 04/11/2010
salix-xfce-13.1.2 08/11/2010
salix64-xfce-13.1.2a 09/11/2010
salixlive-xfce-13.1.2 06/12/2010
salix64-fluxbox-13.1.2 07/12/2010
salix64-lxde-13.1.2
salix-lxde-13.1.2
24/12/2010
salix64-lxde-13.1.2
salixlive-lxde-13.1.2
26/12/2010
salixlive-fluxbox-13.1.2 05/02/2011
salix64-xfce-13.37
salix-xfce-13.37.iso
11/05/2011
salix-fluxbox-13.37
salix64-fluxbox-13.37.iso
08/06/2011
salix64-kde-13.37
salix-kde-13.37
21/07/2011
salix64-lxde-13.37 08/08/2011
salix-lxde-13.37 09/08/2011
salix64-ratpoison-13.37
salix-ratpoison-13.37.iso
26/09/2011
salixlive-xfce-13.37-64
salixlive-xfce-13.37-32
03/02/2012
salixlive-kde-13.37-64
salixlive-kde-13.37-32
13/03/2012
salixlive-mate-13.37-64-rc1
salixlive-mate-13.37-32-rc1
29/04/2012
salix64-mate-13.37
salix-mate-13.37
09/05/2012
salixlive-mate-13.37-64
salixlive-mate-13.37-32
19/06/2012
salix-openbox-14.0beta2 22/02/2013
salix64-kde-14.0.1
salix-kde-14.0.1
15/07/2013
salix-xfce-14.0.1
salix64-xfce-14.0.1
16/07/2013
salixlive-kde-14.0.1-64-beta1
salixlive-xfce-14.0.1-64-beta2
salixlive-xfce-14.0.1-32-beta2
salixlive-kde-14.0.1-32-beta1
31/07/2013
salix-ratpoison-14.0.1
salix64-ratpoison-14.0.1
22/10/2013
salix64-xfce-14.1
salix-xfce-14.1
27/02/2014
salix-kde-14.1beta1
salix64-kde-14.1beta1
15/04/2014
salixlive-kde-14.1-64beta1
salixlive-kde-14.1-32beta1
11/05/2014
salix-mate-14.1
salix64-mate-14.1
25/05/2014
salix-openbox-14.1
salix64-openbox-14.1
22/07/2014
salix64-fluxbox-14.1
salix-fluxbox-14.1
07/09/2014
salixlive-mate-14.1
salixlive64-mate-14.1
02/11/2014
salixlive-xfce-14.1
salixlive64-xfce-14.1
03/11/2014
salix64-xfce-14.2
salix-xfce-14.2
29/08/2016
salixlive64-xfce-14.2
salixlive-xfce-14.2
10/11/2016
salixlive64-xfce-14.2.1
salixlive-xfce-14.2.1
11/04/2017
salix64-xfce-15.0
salix-xfce-15.0
28/08/2022
salix-15.0 05/09/2022
salixlive-xfce-15.0
/salixlive64-xfce-15.0
20/11/2022


Slackel

Slackel Is a greek LiveCD GNU/Linux distribution developed by Dimitris Tzemos and based on Slackware, and includes tools borrowed from Salix. It is fully compatible with both. It uses the current version of Slackware and the latest version of the KDE desktop environment.

Slackel 1.0 version was released on 2005 and it was a KDE edition (based on Slackware 10.2 Stable).

The Slackel disc images are offered in two different forms:

The Live version created with linux-live scripts 5.1.8 was based on Slax. Slackel means Greek Slackware. Slackware + Hellenic (Greek). Slackel's goal is to be a stable, fast and light distribution.


Slackel Releases History
Version Release Date DE
slackellive-kde-13.1.2 16/11/2010 KDE
slackel-13.37-kde-4.6.4 16/06/2011
slackel-13.37-kde-4.6.5 30/07/2011
slackel-13.37-kde-4.7.0
slackel64-13.37-kde-4.7.0
25/08/2011
slackel64-current-kde-4.7.4 20/12/2011
slackel-current-kde-4.7.4 25/12/2011
slackellive-kde-4.7.4-32-beta1 14/01/2012
slackel-current-kde-4.8.5
slackel64-current-kde-4.8.5
02/09/2012
slackellive-kde-4.7.4-64-beta1 16/01/2012
slackellive-kde-4.8.1-64 01/04/2012
slackellive-kde-4.8.1-32 03/04/2012
slackel64-current-kde-4.8.1
slackel-current-kde-4.8.1
09/04/2012
slackel64-current-kde-4.8.2
slackel-current-kde-4.8.2
11/04/2012
salixlive-mate-13.37-32-beta1 13/04/2012
slackellive-kde-4.8.2-32
slackellive-kde-4.8.2-64
28/04/2012
slackellive-kde-4.8.2-1-32
slackellive-kde-4.8.2-1-64
03/05/2012
slackel-current-kde-4.8.2-1
slackel64-current-kde-4.8.2-1
05/05/2012
slackel-kde-14.0.
slackel64-kde-14.0
11/10/2012
slackellive-kde-14.0-32
slackellive-kde-14.0-64.iso
17/10/2012
slackellive-kde-4.9.2-32
slackellive-kde-4.9.2-64
30/10/2012
slackel-openbox-current-1.0.
slackel64-openbox-current-1.0
12/01/2013
slackel64-openbox-current-2.0.
slackel-openbox-current-2.0
20/03/2013
slackel-openbox-3.0
slackel64-openbox-3.0
01/04/2013
slackellive-openbox-3.1-32 07/06/2013
slackellive-openbox-3.1-64 08/06/2013
slackellive-kde-4.10.4-32
slackellive-kde-4.10.4-64
26/06/2013
slackel-openbox-4.0
slackel64-openbox-4.0
28/08/2013
slackel64-openbox-5.0
slackel-openbox-5.0
16/10/2013
slackel64-kde-4.10.5 07/03/2014
slackel-openbox-6.0
slackel-kde-4.10.5
08/03/2014
slackellive-openbox-6.0-32 03/05/2014
slackel64-openbox-6.0
slackellive-openbox-6.0-64
05/05/2014
slackellive-kde-4.10.5-32 08/05/2014
slackellive-kde-4.10.5-64 09/05/2014
slackellive-kde-4.10.5-64-1 10/05/2014
slackellive-kde-4.10.5-64-1
slackellive-kde-4.10.5-32-1
slackellive-openbox-6.0.1-64
slackellive-openbox-6.0.1-32
13/06/2014
slackellive-fluxbox-1.0-32 09/08/2014
slackellive-fluxbox-1.0.1-32pae-nonpae 17/09/2014
slackellive64-kde-4.14.3 07/08/2015
slackellive-kde-4.14.3 08/08/2015
slackel64-openbox-6.0.2
slackel-openbox-6.0.2
13/09/2014
slackellive-openbox-6.0.3
slackellive64-openbox-6.0.3
09/04/2015
slackel-openbox-6.0.4
slackel64-openbox-6.0.4
04/10/2015
slackellive-openbox-6.0.4
slackellive64-openbox-6.0.4
09/10/2015
slackel-openbox-6.0.4.1
slackel64-openbox-6.0.4.1
11/10/2015
slackellive-openbox-6.0.4.1
slackellive64-openbox-6.0.4.1
13/10/2015
slackel-openbox-6.0.5-beta2
slackel64-openbox-6.0.5-beta2
07/02/2016
slackellive-openbox-6.0.5
slackellive64-openbox-6.0.5
25/04/2016
slackellive64-kde-4.14.18
slackel64-kde-4.14.18
slackel-kde-4.14.18
10/05/2016
slackellive64-openbox-6.0.6 29/05/2016
slackel64-openbox-6.0.6 29/05/2016
slackellive-openbox-6.0.6
slackel-openbox-6.0.6.iso
30/05/2016
slackellive-kde-4.14.18 11/05/2016
slackellive-openbox-6.0.7
slackellive64-openbox-6.0.7
16/09/2016
slackellive-kde-4.14.21
slackellive64-kde-4.14.21
01/11/2016
slackellive-openbox-6.0.8
slackel-openbox-6.0.8
slackellive64-openbox-6.0.8
slackel64-openbox-6.0.8
21/11/2016
slackellive-openbox-7.0
slackellive64-openbox-7.0
01/05/2017
slackellive64-openbox-7.1
slackellive-openbox-7.1
31/01/2019
slackellive64-openbox-7.2
slackellive-openbox-7.2
21/07/2019
slackellive64-openbox-7.3
slackellive-openbox-7.3
09/07/2020
slackellive64-mate-7.3
slackellive-mate-7.3
12/07/2020
slackellive64-kde-7.3 29/07/2020
slackellive64-openbox-7.4 31/12/2020
slackellive-openbox-7.4. 01/01/2021
slackellive64-openbox-7.5
slackellive-openbox-7.5
01/01/2022
slackellive64-openbox-7.6
slackellive-openbox-7.6
25/03/2023
slackellive-openbox-7.7.2
slackellive64-openbox-7.7.2
25/11/2023
slackellive-openbox-7.7
slackellive64-openbox-7.7
slackellive-openbox-7.7.1
slackellive64-openbox-7.7.1
07/12/2023
slackellive-mate-7.7 14/01/2024
slackellive64-mate-7.7 15/01/2024



Slint

Slint is an easy-to-use, versatile, blind-friendly GNU/Linux distribution for 64-bit computers, developed by Didier Spaier, based on Slackware and borrows tools from Salix.

Slint is polyglot, easy to install, versatile, beginner friendly and accessible to the visually impaired.


Features
  • Two installation modes are proposed:
    • Automatic (the installer prepare the drive chosen by the user and install Slint on it)
    • Manual (The installer format the Linux partition chosen by the user, format it and install Slint on it). The installer includes a documentation.
  • Slint is accessible to visually impaired users, with speech and braille, from installation to usage in a console as in graphical environments.
  • Slint is a stable distribution. However, accessibility software is regularly updated, others may be updated on a case by case basis.
  • A wide assortment of software for servers, desktops, and laptops is installed in all Slint systems, which include two graphical desktop environments: MATE and LXQt, and lightweight window managers, with XFCE installed on-demand, cover most needs. Many others are available in repositories maintained by Salix and Slackware that are fully compatible with Slint.
  • Slint can be used in console and graphical modes and can be switched between these modes without restarting. It is even possible to launch several graphical environments and switch between them.
  • Easy-to-use tools facilitate system administration and software package management. Updates are fully automatic, under user control.
  • The Slint dashboard gives direct access to the main tools and useful information and links.
  • By default, a compressed swap space in RAM allows doubling the usable memory.
  • Slint can be installed on any 64-bit machine with at least 2G of memory, and 50G available on any medium including USB keys, without secure boot.
  • If installed on USB media Slint is portable from one computer to another. The media can be fully encrypted.

Slint Releases History
Version Release Date
slint-13.37
slint-14.0
slint-14.1
slint-14.2 20/01/2017
slint-14.2.1 14/02/2018
slint64-14.2.1.4 10/01/2023
slint64-15.0 20/02/2023
slint64-15.0-5 08/06/2023


Zenwalk GNU Linux

Zenwalk GNU Linux (formerly Zenwalk Linux, Minislack), is a GNU/Linux distribution based on Slackware created by Jean-Philippe Guillemin, with a goal of being slim and fast by using only one application per task and with a focus on graphical desktop and multimedia usage.

Zenwalk features the latest GNU/Linux technology along with a complete programming environment and libraries to provide an ideal platform for application programmers.

Zenwalk's modular approach also provides a simple way to convert Zenwalk Linux into a finely-tuned modern server.

Starting with version 8.0, Zenwalk Linux is built and optimized primarily for the x86_64 architecture; 32-bit i486 architecture is no longer supported.

History
  • Zenwalk was originally called Minislack up to version 1.1.
  • It was renamed to Zenwalk with version 1.2, released on 12/08/2005.
  • Originally using KDE as its desktop environment, it moved to Xfce with version 0.3, although GNOME and KDE packages have always been available separately.

Zenwalk GNU Linux Releases History
Version Release date
Minislack 0.1 May 21, 2004
Minislack 0.2 August 8, 2004
Minislack 0.3 February 17, 2005
Minislack 0.4 March 26, 2005
Minislack 1.0 April 24, 2005
Minislack 1.0.1 May 3, 2005
Minislack 1.1 June 10, 2005
Zenwalk 1.2 August 12, 2005
Zenwalk 1.3 October 15, 2005
Zenwalk 2.0 Core November 27, 2005
Zenwalk 2.0.1 December 4, 2005
Zenwalk 2.1 (Core) January 18, 2006
Zenwalk 2.2 February 16, 2006
Zenwalk 2.4 April 4, 2006
Zenwalk 2.6 May 23, 2006
Zenwalk 2.8 July 21, 2006
Zenwalk 3.0 September 8, 2006
Zenwalk 4.0 November 20, 2006
Zenwalk 4.2 January 6, 2007
Zenwalk 4.4 February 22, 2007
Zenwalk 4.4.1 February 24, 2007
Zenwalk 4.6 June 1, 2007
Zenwalk 4.6.1 June 6, 2007
Zenwalk 4.8 October 6, 2007
Zenwalk 5.0 January 18, 2008
Zenwalk 5.2 June 7, 2008
Zenwalk 6.0 March 7, 2009
Zenwalk 6.2 September 6, 2009
Zenwalk 6.4 May 27, 2010
Zenwalk 7.0 Mar 25, 2011
Zenwalk 7.2 Oct 11, 2012
Zenwalk 7.4 April 2014
Zenwalk 8.0 July 2016
Zenwalk 15.0 4 February 2022
Discontinued Zenwalk GNU Linux derivatives
  1. Arudius, a LiveCD GNU/Linux distribution based on Slax and Linux Live scripts.
  2. SLAMPP, intended to be used as a home server.
  3. Zencafe GNU/Linux, an Indonesian distribution designed for internet cafes


Discontinued Slackware based distributions

  1. AbulÉdu
  2. Adrenalinux. Since version 2010.0 based on Ubuntu.
  3. Arudius
  4. AUSTRUMI
  5. BearOps Desktop Linux OS
  6. Blin Linux
  7. Bluewhite64 Linux
  8. Buffalo Linux
  9. College Linux (last version were based on Debian).
  10. ConnochaetOS, (ex DeLi Linux)
  11. CDlinux
  12. Cytrun Linux
  13. DARKSTAR Linux
  14. Definity Linux
  15. DeepStyle Linux
  16. DNALinux
  17. Draco GNU/Linux
  18. easys GNU/Linux
  19. EvilEntity Linux
  20. Freepia
  21. Frugalware, based on Slackware only until 0.5 version, then an Independent distribution.
  22. gNOX
  23. Hardened Linux
  24. HostGIS Linux
  25. How-Tux
  26. Imagineos (formerly GoblinX) was a brazilian bootable LiveCD GNU/Linux distribution, based on Slackware, and developed and maintained by Flavio de Oliveira, aka Grobsch, using Linuxlive scripts. The primary goal for Imagineos is to create a more pleasant and functional desktop, standardising all icons and themes to make it easy for novice users to learn about available applications. Its desktop enviroment by default was Xfce.
  27. Isix-os
  28. JoLinux
  29. Kate OS
  30. Kongoni GNU/Linux
  31. Kcpentrix
  32. LG3D LiveCD
  33. Linvo GNU/Linux
  34. Linux LiveCD Router
  35. Linux Netwosix
  36. Myah OS: It was a GNU/Linux distribution based on Slackware only until 3.0 version. Then was Independent distribution.
  37. MUMi-LinuX
  38. muLinux
  39. Mutagenix
  40. NimbleX
  41. Nonux
  42. OpenLab GNU/Linux
  43. Platypux
  44. P!tux Linux
  45. pQui Linux
  46. Project development Enlightenment verbose (Project dEv)
  47. RIPLinuX (formerly Linux RIP): (R)ecovery (I)s (P)ossible is a discontinued lightweight GNU/Linux distribution developed by Kent Robotti, based on Slackware, being a CD or floppy boot/rescue/backup/maintenance system. It had support for a lot of filesystem types (Reiserfs, Reiser4, ext2/3, iso9660, UDF, XFS, JFS, UFS, HPFS, HFS, MINIX, MS DOS, NTFS, and VFAT) and contained a bunch of utilities for system recovery. It also had IDE/SCSI/SATA, PCMCIA, RAID, LVM2, and Ethernet/DSL/cable/PPP/PPPOE network support.
  48. ROOT GNU/Linux
  49. Rubix Linux
  50. RUNT Linux[4]
  51. SaxenOS
  52. Sentry Firewall
  53. simpleLinux
  54. Slackintosh
  55. Slamd64
  56. SLAMPP
  57. Superb Mini Server
  58. S.u.S.E. Linux, based on its beginnings in Slackware. Then, Jurix, and later an independent distro.
  59. STUX GNU/Linux
  60. TopologiLinux
  61. Truva Linux
  62. TumiX, based on Slackware 10.1
  63. Ultima Linux
  64. URIX OS (formerly NetSecL, before ISlack) is a discontinued bulgarian GNU/Linux distribution based on Slackware only until 2.6 version. From 3.0 to 5.0 it was based on openSUSE.
  65. VectorLinux
  66. Voltalinux
  67. Zeus Linux


Cytrun Linux

Cytrun Linux was a brazilian GNU/Linux distribution based on Slackware. The project was created in 2006 by Michell Ludemann Garcia with the aim of increasing the security level of servers.

The kernel had a Linux Intrusion Detection System that adds extreme security schemes to the kernel that are not possible with the kernel's native functions alone. With these functions it was possible to protect the integrity of operating system files at the kernel level and not at the software level, thus limiting access to certain operating system resources even to the root (administrator) user.

Cytrun came with IPS (Intrusion Prevention System), which is responsible for filtering the packets on the firewall before they reach the service/server. In other words, all the packets that reach the server are queued up on the firewall, and the packets are analyzed by the IDS (Intrusion Detection System). If the IDS identifies that the packet on the firewall could be harmful to the server, it blocks the attacker on the firewall in real time and rejects the harmful packet, thus preventing the attack from reaching your server.

Cytrun's Web Server (Apache) had extra protection to block Brute Force/DoS/DDoS attacks.

The great new feature of Cytrun Linux Server was the inclusion of the VoIP Server (Asterisk) and VoIP-PBX Administration Panel.

The system has a control panel for remote administration with a web interface based on Webmin, which makes the system more flexible for the administrator, who can add and remove new modules depending on their needs.


DeepStyle Linux

DeepStyle Linux was a fork of Slackware from the Ukrainian development team, created to improve Ukrainian and Russian localization.

It was actively developed during 2004-2013 and later evolved into the SlackBoost project, a repository of optional packages for the parent distribution.

Compared to its parent distribution, Ukrainian and Russian locales, translations, spell check packages, Cyrillic fonts, etc. were added.


Releases

The first public release candidate of the DeepStyle-1.0rc1 distribution appeared on March 18, 2005. The first public release of DeepStyle-1.0 appeared on July 28, 2005 and was based on Slackware 10.1.

During 2005-2013, distribution releases were released regularly (from 1.0 to 5.14.0, which were based on Slackware versions from 10.0 to 14.0, respectively.

Starting with the DeepStyle-3.0 “Gemini” version (September 25, 2007), the AMD64 architecture was also supported.


SlackBoost

Subsequently, the project’s architecture was revised due to the difficulty of supporting the Slackware fork. The project was reworked and instead of an actual Slackware fork, it took the form of a repository with optional packages and a new name — SlackBoost, which was announced on the project website on February 24, 2015.

The system provides an option to choose desktop environments and window managers to be installed, such as: KDE, Xfce, WindowMaker, BlackBox, FluxBox, AfterStep, IceWM, Openbox, LXDE.



HostGIS Linux

HostGIS Linux is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution based on Slackware. The distribution came with a number of GIS tools (Geographic Information System tools) installed. For people with less technical knowledge, compilation and installation of tools such as UMN MapServer may take longer. Some typical software packages included in the distribution are the Apache web server, PDFlib, and the PostgreSQL and MySQL databases.

The goal of HostGIS Linux was to enable to get GIS maps in minutes, saving the trouble of installing MapServer and its numerous related components.


Features
  • All the usual amenities of a Linux distribution: compilers, Perl, etc.
  • Apache webserver, with PHP
  • MapServer, and MapScript for PHP, Perl, and Python
  • PDFlib, with support built in to PHP, Perl, Python, and MapServer
  • ostGIS-enabled Postgres database server
  • MapServer Web Client (MWC) to display great interactive maps without designing any HTML or JavaScript
  • Example maps already installed: shapefiles, ECW raster, PostGIS, MyGIS, WMS server and client, and Flash output
  • Webmin, phpMyAdmin, and phpPgAdmin for easy system administration


Hardened Linux

Hardened Linux is a discontinued hardened and minimalized GNU/Linux distribution, developed by Steffen Wendzel, based on Slackware, developed by the OSS community. A huge part of the distribution is based on Slackware.

  • Early versions of Hardened Linux were called Wendzel Linux.

Its development started in 2006 and it ended two years (2008) later due to a lack of manpower required to keep all the packages up-to-date.

The aims was intended for use on routers, firewalls and similar machines connected directly to the network.

The three main objectives of the distribution are maximum security, maximum stability and best usability of the system with minimum size.


Features
  • Is designed to run on firewalls, IDS systems and VPN gateways.
  • Additional features: grsecurity hardene kernel, userspace hardening, a gcc with SSP patch, hardened (SSP) packages, hardened file system permissions, hardened configuration files for services, kernel 2.4 and 2.6.

The system was designed to be very tiny (only 200 MB ISO file) and easy to understand. An own packet system (the hardened linux package tools) was build as an improvement for the existing Slackware package system.



VectorLinux

VectorLinux, abbreviated VL, is a discontinued GNU/Linux distribution, based on the Slackware, originally developed by Canadian developers Robert S. Lange and Darell Stavem; is a small, fast, for Intel x86 platform.

  • The creators of VectorLinux had a single credo: keep it simple, keep it small and let the end user decide what their operating system is going to be.

What has evolved from this concept is perhaps the best little Linux operating system available anywhere.

For the casual computer user there is a lightening-fast desktop with graphical programs to handle daily activities from web surfing, sending and receiving email, chatting on IRC to running an FTP server.

The power user will be pleased because all the tools are there to compile programs, use the system as a server or perhaps the gateway for home or office computer network.

Administrators will be equally pleased because of the small size and memory requirements, so the operating system can be deployed on older machines that have long been forgotten.


Features
  • Users have ability to independently control packages by installing packages without dependencies (for advanced users).
  • Used .tlz packages (LZMA-packed), though .tbz and .tgz are supported too.
  • The system was released for hardware architecture i486, and from July 2012 also for x86_64 (since version 7 the Standard Edition was also available for the x86-64 platform, known as VLocity64 7).
  • VectorLinux includes pre-installed non-free software and drivers.
  • The Desktop environment by default was Xfce.
  • Since version 7.1 it used the TXZ package manager (slapt-get) or the gslapt GUI.
  • The first versions had IceWM, Fluxbox and Xfce desktop environments.
    • Since version 5.8 only Xfce.

Editions
  • Standard Edition: A general-purpose edition.
  • SOHO Edition (discontinued after version 7.0): Targeted towards small offices and home offices, with the KDE desktop environment.
  • Light Edition: Aimed at older computers with lower resource requirements.
  • Live Edition: A bootable version for trying out VectorLinux without installation.

VectorLinux Releases History
Version Release Date
2.5 03/04/2002
2.5 SOHO Edition 21/08/2002
3.0 19/10/2002
3.2 05/03/2003
3.2 SOHO Edition 17/03/2003
3.2 Live CD 07/05/2003
4.0 08/10/2003
4.0 Live CD 18/03/2004
4.0 SOHO Edition 08/04/2004
4.3 19/09/2004
5.0 SOHO 22/02/2005
5.1 26/07/2005
5.1 SOHO 20/01/2006
5.1.2 SOHO Live 28/01/2006
5.1 Live 08/06/2006
5.8 18/12/2006
5.8 SOHO 17/05/2007
5.8 Live CD 28/05/2007
5.9 23/12/2007
5.9 SOHO 15/06/2008
5.9.1 SOHO 24/09/2008
5.9 Live 03/10/2008
6.0 22/02/2009
6.0 Light 02/04/2009
6.0 Light Live 30/08/2009
6.0 KDE-Classic 13/11/2009
6.0 KDE-Classic-Live 10/05/2010
6.0 SOHO 11/08/2010
6.0 SOHO Deluxe 22/09/2010
7.0 28/11/2011
7.0 Light 22/03/2012
7.0 SOHO 01/06/2012
7.0 64bit 15/07/2012
7.1 27/06/2015
7.1 Light 28/07/2015
7.2 28/08/2017


References